• Federal Laws that Protect Students

    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) - The foundational federal law on the privacy of students' educational records, FERPA safeguards student privacy by limiting who may access student records, specifying for what purpose they may access those records and detailing what rules they must follow when accessing the data.

    Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment ((PPRA) - This amendment defines the rules that states and school districts must follow when administering tools like surveys, analysis and evaluations of students that are funded by the United States Department of Education. It requires parental approval to administer such tools and ensures that school districts have policies in place regarding how the data collected from these tools can be used.

    Children's Online Privacy Protection Rule (COPPA) - This rule imposes certain requirements on operators of websites, games, mobile apps, or online services directed to children under 13 years old, and on operators of other websites or online services that have actual knowledge that they are collecting personal information online from a child under 13 years of age.